Determinantes de progresos educativos en Yaroslavl, Rusia

Edgar Demetrio Tovar-García


Texto completo

HTML (English) PDF (English)



Resumen


Este trabajo examina los factores que determinan los resultados educativos en Yaroslavl, Rusia. Estudios anteriores señalan que el nivel de ingreso y educación de los padres son las principales variables explicativas. Para investigar estos factores, en 2009 se aplicó un cuestionario a una muestra aleatoria de 2,000 estudiantes de noveno grado de 65 escuelas. Se realizó un análisis de regresión Newey-West y el análisis Probit. Los resultados indican que las variables explicativas más comunes, los recursos familiares (incluyendo capital cultural, social y nivel socioeconómico), tienen un pequeño pero estadísticamente significativo efecto positivo en los logros educativos y las trayectorias de los estudiantes.

Palabras clave


Resultado educativo; progreso escolar; calidad de la educación; estructura social.

Referencias


Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94, 95-120.

Coleman, J. S., Campbell, E. Q., Hobson, C. J., Mcpartland, J., Mood, A. M., Weinfeld, F. D. & York, R. L. (1966). Equality of educational opportunity. Washington, dc: Office of Education, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.

DiMaggio, P. (1982). Cultural Capital and School Success: The Impact of Status Culture Participation on the Grades of U.S. High School Students. American Sociological Review, 47(2), 189-201.

Dostie, B. & Jayaraman, R. (2006). Determinants of School Enrollment in Indian villages. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 54, 405-421.

Duckworth, A. L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M. D. & Kelly, D. R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and Passion for Long-Term Goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1087-1101.

Dumais, S. A. (2009). Cohort and Gender Differences in Extracurricular Participation: The Relationship between Activities, Math Achievement, and College Expectations. Sociological Spectrum, 29, 72-100.

Farkas, G. (2003). Cognitive Skills and Noncognitive Traits and Behaviors in Stratification Processes. Annual Review of Sociology, 29, 541-562.

Ganzeboom, H. B. G., De Graaf, P. M. & Treiman, D. J. (1992). A Standard International Socio-Economic Index of Occupational Status. Social Science Research, 21, 1-56.

Glick, P. & Sahn, D. (2000). Schooling of Girls and Boys in a West African Country: The Effects of Parental Education, Income, and Household Structure. Economics of Education Review, 19(1), 63-87.

Hanushek, E. (1996). Measuring Investment in Education. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 10(4), 9-30.

Huurre T., Aro H., Rahkonen O. & Komulainen E. (2006). Health, lifestyle, family and school factors in adolescence: Predicting adult educational level. Educational Research, 48(1), 41–53.

Lucas, S. R. (2001). Effectively Maintained Inequality. Education Transitions, Track Mobility, and Social Background Effects. American Journal of Sociology, 106, 1642-1690.

Mani, S., Hoddinott, J., & Strauss, J. (2009). Determinants of Schooling Outcomes: Empirical Evidence from Rural Ethiopia. Discussion Paper Series. New York: Fordham University, Department of Economics.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2010). PISA 2009 Results: Overcoming Social Background-Equity in Learning Opportunities and Outcomes (Volume II). Paris: Author.

Perna, L. W. (2000). Racial Ethnic Group Differences in the Realization of Educational Plans. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans.

Robbins, S., Lauver, K., Le, H., Davis, D., Langley, R. & Carlstrom, A. (2004). Do Psychosocial and Study Skill Factors Predict College Outcomes? A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 130(2), 261-288.

Rothman, S. (2003). The Changing Influence of Socioeconomic Status on Student Achievement: Recent Evidence from Australia. LSAY Conference Papers. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago.

Schildberg-Hoerisch, H. (2011). Does Parental Employment Affect Children’s Educational Attainment? Economics of Education Review, 30(6), 1456-1467.