Uso problemático de Internet y variables psicológicas o físicas en estudiantes universitarios

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24320/redie.2021.23.e13.3167

Palabras clave:

internet, estudiante universitario, comportamiento, adicción, psicología

Resumen

El Uso Problemático de Internet (UPI) está siendo habitual entre los estudiantes universitarios. En este trabajo se propuso identificar las variables psicológicas y físicas asociadas al UPI y analizar su influencia en dichas variables. Se empleó una metodología de revisión sistemática con metanálisis, en las bases de datos Web of Science y Scopus. En la revisión se identificaron 51 estudios que incluyeron una muestra total de 136 760 sujetos. En cambio, para el metanálisis se identificaron 12 estudios. Los resultados mostraron que las principales variables psicológicas y físicas asociadas al UPI son la falta de autocontrol, ansiedad, baja autoestima, baja actividad física y baja autoeficacia académica. Sin embargo, el metanálisis recogió que sólo el UPI, donde se obtuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas, fue predictor de la ansiedad y baja autoestima. Por último, se discuten las implicaciones prácticas del trabajo y la necesidad de prevenir y educar en el buen uso de la tecnología.

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Biografía del autor

Francisco Javier Hinojo-Lucena, Universidad de Granada

Profesor Titular de Universidad, Departamento de Didáctica y Organización Escolar, Universidad de Granada. Director del Grupo de investigación AREA (HUM-672).

Inmaculada Aznar-Díaz, Universidad de Granada

Profesora Titular de Universidad, Departamento de Didáctica y Organización Escolar, Universidad de Granada. Miembro del grupo de investigación AREA (HUM-672)

Juan Manuel Trujillo-Torres, Universidad de Granada

Profesor Titular de Universidad, Departamento de Didáctica y Organización Escolar, Universidad de Granada. Miembro del grupo de investigación AREA (HUM-672)

José María Romero-Rodríguez, Universidad de Granada

Grupo de investigación AREA (HUM-672), Departamento de Didáctica y Organización Escolar, Universidad de Granada.

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2021-08-17

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