Excursiones históricas en la educación superior en Estados Unidos de Norteamérica

Jack H. Schuster


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Resumen


Durante la última década, la educación superior de Estados Unidos se ha transformado como nunca antes en sus más de trescientos años de historia. A pesar de tener un origen íntimamente ligado a los grupos religiosos de los colonizadores ingleses, hoy en día, se caracteriza por una apertura creciente en el acceso de estudiantes y por un sistema descentralizado que permite la diversidad institucional. En el presente trabajo, se explican ambos rasgos a través de un recorrido retrospectivo por las principales tendencias de la educación superior norteamericana actual, y en el camino, se hace un recuento crítico de su desarrollo, sus políticas, y las similitudes o diferencias con la educación superior de otros países.

Palabras clave


Educación superior; historia de la educación; política educativa.

Referencias


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