Producción de palabras socioafectivas por educadoras de párvulos: densidades léxicas, conglomerados y predictores

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24320/redie.2021.23.e21.4168

Palabras clave:

docentes de preescolar, comportamiento del docente, emociones, análisis multivariado

Resumen

Se presenta una caracterización cuantitativa del lenguaje de las educadoras de párvulos con el objetivo de determinar sus preferencias léxicas y los usos típicos en el dominio socioafectivo. Mediante un diseño descriptivo transversal se seleccionó por conveniencia a 20 participantes que proporcionaron grabaciones de audio continuas que fueron transcritas y categorizadas mediante el programa LIWC2015. Los hallazgos muestran que las mayores densidades léxicas están asociadas a las categorías “procesos cognitivos”, “relatividad”, “procesos sociales”, “procesos afectivos” y “procesos de percepción” y diversas subcategorías como “movimiento” y “emociones positivas”. Se encontraron menores densidades en “ansiedad”, “tristeza”, “salud”, “religión” y “muerte”. Además, se identificaron dos conglomerados de uso común: uno centrado en el uso de palabras con connotación emocional y otro centrado en palabras con connotación social. Finalmente, las categorías “cuerpo”, “salud”, “movimiento”, “ingesta”, “causalidad”, “exclusión” y “sexual” son buenos predictores de la producción de palabras socioafectivas. Nuestros hallazgos sugieren el uso distintivo y destacado de varias categorías semánticas asociadas al dominio socioafectivo. Se discuten las proyecciones de este estudio y su potencial para contribuir a los procesos formativos en la educación parvularia.

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Biografía del autor

Francisco José Lería Dulčić , Universidad de Atacama

Profesor asistente en la Facultad de Humanidades y Educación, Universidad de Atacama.

Roxana Nora Acosta Peña, Universidad de Antofagasta

Profesor asistente, departamento de Educación Parvularia.

Patricia Ester Sasso Orellana, Universidad de Antofagasta

Profesor asistente, departamento de Educación Parvularia.

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Publicado

2021-10-19

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